... birthday problem.

There's a famous probability exercise called the birthday problem. It's an interesting problem for sure, but typically it is calculating the wrong thing. In this series of videos we'll explore what this means.


The code that does all the simulation and plotting is listed below.

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pylab as plt

def calculate(room = 20):
    return 1 - np.prod((365 - np.arange(room))/365)

def simulate(room = 20, n_sim = 1000):
    hit = 0 
    for i in range(n_sim):
        n_bday = np.unique(np.random.randint(1, 365, room)).shape[0]
        hit += n_bday == room
    return 1 - hit/n_sim

plt.plot([calculate(r) for r in range(1, 35)], label="calculated")
plt.plot([simulate(r) for r in range(1, 35)], label="simulated")

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